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Total antioxidant performance is associated with diet and serum antioxidants in participants of the diet and physical activity substudy of the Jackson Heart Study.

eagle-i ID

http://jsu.eagle-i.net/i/0000012e-0c48-de0f-d3a1-177580000000

Resource Type

  1. Cross-sectional study

Properties

  1. Additional Topic(s)
    Antioxidants/metabolism
  2. Additional Topic(s)
    Diet Surveys
  3. Additional Topic(s)
    Oxidative Stress
  4. Resource Description
    Abstract Total antioxidant performance (TAP) measures antioxidant capacities in both hydrophilic and lipophilic compartments of serum and interactions known to exist between them. Our objective was to assess TAP levels in a subset of Jackson Heart Study (JHS) participants and to examine associations with dietary and total (diet + supplement) intakes of alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol (diet only), beta-carotene, vitamin C, fruit, vegetables, and nuts, and serum concentrations of alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, and beta-carotene. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 420 (mean age 61 y; 254 women) African American men and women participating in the Diet and Physical Activity Sub-Study of the JHS in Jackson, Mississippi. In multivariate-adjusted models, we observed positive associations between total alpha-tocopherol, total and dietary beta-carotene, and total vitamin C intakes and TAP levels (P-trend < 0.05). Positive associations were also observed for vegetable, fruit, and total fruit and vegetable intakes (P-trend < 0.05). For serum antioxidant nutrients, alpha-tocopherol but not beta-carotene was associated with serum TAP levels. There were inverse associations for serum gamma-tocopherol and TAP levels. Associations for alpha-tocopherol were seen at intake levels much higher than the current Recommended Dietary Allowance. It may, therefore, be prudent to focus on increasing consumption of fruit, vegetables, nuts, and seeds to increase total antioxidant capacity.
  5. Contact
    Taylor, Jr., Herman A.
  6. PI
    Tchounwou, Paul
  7. Study Population
    420 (mean age 61 y; 254 women) African American men and women
  8. Related Publication or Documentation
    Total antioxidant performance is associated with diet and serum antioxidants in participants of the diet and physical activity substudy of the Jackson Heart Study.
  9. Funded by
    National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities
  10. Funded by
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
  11. Performed by
    Jackson Heart Study
 
RDFRDF
 
Provenance Metadata About This Resource Record
  1. workflow state
    Published
  2. contributor
    nvasilevsky
  3. created
    2011-02-09T15:19:37.162-06:00
  4. creator
    sgarner (Solomon Garner)
  5. modified
    2011-05-18T14:32:47.169-05:00

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