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Prevalence and awareness of CKD among African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study.

eagle-i ID

http://jsu.eagle-i.net/i/0000012e-0c5b-c74e-d3a1-177580000000

Resource Type

  1. Cross-sectional study

Properties

  1. Resource Description
    Abstract BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) leads to end-stage renal disease and is a growing epidemic throughout the world. In the United States, African Americans have an incidence of end-stage renal disease 4 times that of whites. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional to examine the prevalence and awareness of CKD in African Americans. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Observational cohort in the Jackson Heart Study (JHS). PREDICTOR: CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), the presence of albuminuria, or dialysis therapy. OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: Data from the JHS were analyzed. Medical history, including disease awareness and drug therapy, anthropometric measurements, and serum and urine samples, were obtained from JHS participants at the baseline visit. Associations between CKD prevalence and awareness and selected demographic, socioeconomic, health care access, and disease status parameters were assessed by using logistic regression models. RESULTS: The prevalence of CKD in the JHS was 20%; CKD awareness was only 15.8%. Older participants had a greater prevalence, but also were more aware of CKD. Hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, increasing age and waist circumference, and being single or less physically active were associated with CKD. Only advancing CKD stage was associated with awareness. LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional assessment, single urine measurement. CONCLUSIONS: The JHS has a high prevalence and low awareness of CKD, especially in those with less severe disease status. This emphasizes the need for earlier diagnosis and increased education of health care providers and the general population.
  2. Contact
    Taylor, Jr., Herman A.
  3. PI
    Taylor, Jr., Herman A.
  4. Topic
    chronic kidney failure
  5. Study Population
    African Americans in the JHS cohort
  6. Related Publication or Documentation
    Prevalence and awareness of CKD among African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study
  7. Funded by
    National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities
  8. Funded by
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
  9. Performed by
    Jackson Heart Study
 
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