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Total alpha-tocopherol intakes are associated with serum alpha-tocopherol concentrations in African American adults.

eagle-i ID


Resource Type

  1. Cross-sectional study


  1. Additional Topic(s)
    Diet Surveys
  2. Resource Description
    Abstract African Americans in the southern United States have a high prevalence of chronic disease. Tocopherol intake and status have been associated with protection against several chronic diseases. Our objectives were, therefore, to examine the association between tocopherol intakes as measured by 2 regional FFQ and their corresponding concentrations in serum and to report on dietary sources of tocopherols in 404 men and women participating in the cross-sectional Diet and Physical Activity Sub-Study of the Jackson Heart Study. A large proportion (49% of men and 66% of women) reported dietary supplement use. Only 5.8% of men and 4.5% of women met the estimated average requirement (EAR) for vitamin E from foods alone, whereas 44.2% men and 49.2% women met it from foods and supplements. Total (diet + supplement) intake of alpha-tocopherol was associated with its corresponding measure in serum. Vitamin E supplement use, sex, serum cholesterol, education, and BMI, but not gamma-tocopherol intakes, were associated with serum gamma-tocopherol. For delta-tocopherol, associated variables included sex and serum cholesterol. The top food sources of alpha- and gamma-tocopherol were snack chips and the top food source of delta-tocopherol was margarine. Despite prevalent vitamin E supplement use, more than one-half of this population did not meet the EAR for alpha-tocopherol intake and very few met it from food alone. Supplement use was associated with higher alpha- but lower gamma-tocopherol concentration in serum. The possible health implications of this difference in relative tocopherol subtypes require further study.
  3. Contact
    Taylor, Jr., Herman A.
  4. PI
    Taylor, Jr., Herman A.
  5. Study Population
    499 participants
  6. Related Publication or Documentation
    Total alpha-tocopherol intakes are associated with serum alpha-tocopherol concentrations in African American adults.
  7. Funded by
    National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities
  8. Funded by
    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
  9. Performed by
    Jackson Heart Study
Provenance Metadata About This Resource Record
Copyright © 2016 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College
The eagle-i Consortium is supported by NIH Grant #5U24RR029825-02 / Copyright 2016